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Crime Victim Status

Photo of crime scene tape

Vermont law protects people who are crime victims from discrimination at work. Federal law does not provide this same protection. Crime victim status is a protected category under Vermont’s Fair Employment Practices Act (FEPA).

A crime victim is defined by Vermont law as any of the following:

  • a person who has obtained a relief from abuse order issued under 15 V.S.A. § 1103
  • a person who has obtained an order against stalking or sexual assault issued under 12 V.S.A. chapter 178
  • a person who has obtained an order against abuse of a vulnerable adult issued under 33 V.S.A. chapter 69
  • a person who has sustained physical, emotional, or financial injury as the direct result of a crime and is identified as a crime victim in an affidavit filed by law enforcement
  • the child, foster child, parent, spouse, stepchild or ward of the victim who lives with the victim, or a parent of the victim's spouse as defined in 13 V.S.A. § 5301

Employees who are crime victims and who have been continuously employed by the same employer for a period of six months for an average of at least 20 hours per week also have the right to take unpaid leave to attend:

  • criminal proceedings where the employee has a legal right or obligation to appear at the proceeding
  • relief from abuse hearings and neglect or exploitation hearings under when the employee is a plaintiff
  • hearings concerning an order against stalking or sexual assault

Resources on crime victim status and discrimination

More information about the laws protecting crime victims in Vermont:

More resources about crime victim protections in Vermont:


If you believe you may be a victim of workplace harassment or discrimination on the basis of any legally protected category or categories,  find more information:

Where and how to report a complaint